Reduce Risks! Protect Life & Property with Hostile Vehicle Mitigation
Cornerstone Designs Security Measures to Protect Facilities & Places of Mass Gatherings Against Hostile Vehicles.
Stop Hostile Vehicles at the Gate!Vehicle-borne threats range from vandalism to sophisticated or aggressive attacks by determined criminals or terrorists. The mobility and payload capacity of a vehicle offers a convenient delivery mechanism for a large explosive device, although the vehicle itself may be used as a weapon and drivers of
hostile vehiclesmay be mentally ill, disgruntled customers or employees, political activists, or terrorists.
Security Consultingcan provide guidance and risk based advice that will help you determine vehicle-borne threats, assess site strengths and vulnerabilities, and identify suitable options for
Hostile Vehicle Mitigationmeasures. The three main objectives to be met are:
- Slow the Attacking Vehicle
- Stop the Attacking vehicle
- Maintain Suitable Standoff Distances
We can also advise on how stringent standards and testing (such as PAS 68:2013) are applied to the design, manufacture, testing and installation of vehicle barrier systems.
In addition to preventing vehicles from entering your facility, Cornerstone can help you devise effective vehicle checkpoints for facilities or public places that ensure only friendly vehicles, with valid credentials, can enter and be processed into your security systems for both access control and auditing purposes.
Furthermore, Using a combination of RFID tags and automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) an effective vehicle control point can be established with a black and white list of authorised vehicles. This will ensure "rogue" vehicles cannot gain entry and only authorized vehicles can enter with minimal delays and disruption.
Hostile Vehicle Barriers - Test StandardsThere are three principal standards relating to the testing and certification of equipment used to test the impact resistance of a moving vehicle.
Because so many vehicle security barriers (VSB) differ in function and form there must be a comparative way of assessing their performance and the structure as well as the foundations that support them.
The standards identify impact test methods, tolerances, test vehicle types and vehicle performance criteria that need to be met to conform to the applicable standard. Which applicable standard? At this stage there are three key standards that are in use.
The first is titled IWA 14-1:2013 which stands for
International Workshop Agreementand is generally known as an international standard. Then there is the
ASTM-F2656-07which stands for the American Society for Testing and Materials. Naturally this standard is applicable to the United States and their territories, however, many other countries have adopted this standard as well.
Finally, there is the
"PAS:68-2013"which stands for Publicly Available Specification and was developed in the UK by the CPNI and has become the standard in that country.
All the above standards have commonalties and differences which would take some time to detail so for Australian conditions we focus on the PAS 68:2013 which is "generally" accepted as the de-facto standard for testing vehicle security barriers.
It is similar to the IWA 14-1:2013 but has some additional testing criteria that must be documented.
Basically, if the chosen HVM solutions are certified to PAS 68:2013 you can be assured that stringent real world testing and documentation was used during the actual manufacturing and final testing.
Interpreting the PAS 68:2013 StandardYou might see a test result that relates to a product something like this;
PAS 68:2013 Fixed Bollard V/1500(M1)/48/90:1.7/5.2Below is an explanation of the 7-part rating classification.
So in the above example the code would be written as follows.
PAS 68: Fixed Bollard V/1500(M1)/48/90:1.7/5.2 Which means;
- (PAS 68: Fixed Bollard) The PAS 68:2013 standard was used for testing a fixed bollard
- (V) The test was carried out with a test vehicle
- 1500(M1) Capable of withstanding an impact from a 1500kg car (class M1)
- (48) The vehicle impact speed was 48 Km/h
- (90) The vehicle impacted at 90 degrees to the front face of the bollard
- (1.7) The vehicle penetration was 1.7m beyond the original position of the bollard
- (5.2) Where major debris landed no more than 5.2m from the "rear" face of the bollard
The above information is only part of the overall design of HVM measures and in addition we need other important data such as swept path analysis to help determine the angle of attack and the speed a vehicle could reach when attacking a facility. These calculations are performed with specialist software and other tables from the
Please feel free to call us on 1300 952 785 if you need assistance in the design and specification of HVM measures for your facility or public space.